National Religion in Wuhan
Wuhan is a multi-ethnic city. According to the data of the sixth census in 2010, there are 56 nationalities in the city, of which 55 are ethnic minorities, with a total population of 88,000, accounting for 0.7% of the total population of the city. Among the minority nationalities, Tujia has the largest population (30.2 million), followed by Hui (21.8 million). All 13 districts of the city are inhabited by ethnic minorities.
Wuhan has a long history of religion, including Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity. Taoism has the longest history. Its activities can be traced back to the Eastern Wu Dynasty of the Three Kingdoms. It has a history of more than 1700 years.
In the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties, Changchun View, Wudang Palace, Xuanmiao View of Hanyang and Hankou Avenue View were once called the "four jungles" of Quanzhen School of Taoism in Wuhan. The history of Buddhism in Wuhan is slightly later than that of Taoism. The oldest ancient temples were Wuchang Toutuo Temple (Guanyin Pavilion) built by Cai Xingzong, Cishi, Pizhou, in the 5th century A.D. and Wuchang Baoen Chan Temple (Tiefu Temple) built by Xiao Lun, king of Liang Shaoling.
Baotong Zen Temple, Lianxi Zen Temple, Guiyuan Zen Temple in Hanyang and Gude Zen Temple in Hankou are known as the four famous jungles of modern Buddhism in Wuhan. Islam was introduced into Wuhan in the Yuan Dynasty. It has a history of about 600 years. The earliest mosque was the Yuanmen Mosque in Wuchang.
Catholicism was introduced to Wuhan in the ten years of Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty (1637) and Christianity in the eleventh year of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty (1861). Its earliest churches were located at Dadikou in Wuchang and Dajiajie in Hankou.
There are more than 600 places for religious activities in the city, including Guiyuan Temple of Buddhism, Baotong Temple of Buddhism and Changchun Temple of Taoism; Lianxi Temple of Buddhism, Gude Temple of Buddhism, Hankou Minquan Road Mosque of Islam, Erqi Street Mosque, Wuchang Uprising Gate Mosque, Hankou Shanghai Road Church of Catholicism, Wuchang Garden Hill Church and Xianzheng of Hanyang. Street Church, Christian Hankou Glory Hall, Salvation Hall, Wuchang Hall, Castle Peak Hall. In addition, there are Buddhist Buddhist temples in Mt. Mulan of Huangpi, Taoist Yuhuang Pavilion, Mulan Hall, Doumu Palace, and Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist Buddhist Temple of Baoen Chan in Xinzhou.